Hessian is a woven fabric usually made from skin of the jute plant , which to make rope, nets, and similar products. Gunny cloth is similar in texture and construction.
Hessian, a dense woven fabric, has historically been produced as a coarse fabric, but more recently it is being used in a refined state known simply as jute as an eco-friendly material for bags, rugs and other products.
The name “hessian” is attributed to the use of the fabric, initially, as part of the uniform of soldiers from the former Landgraviate of Hesse and its successors in interest (including the current German state of Hesse, whose people (and thus soldiers) were called “Hessians”.
The origin of the word burlap is unknown, though its earliest known appearance is in the late 17th century, and its etymology is speculated to derive from the Middle English borel (“coarse cloth”), the Old French burel and/or the Dutch boeren (“coarse”), in the latter case perhaps interfused with boer (“peasant”). The second element is the English word lap, “piece of cloth”.